Colorado FACTS

This page contains a wealth of information on the state of Colorado. Please click on the type of the fact that you are interested in:


Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation


State Capital


State Size

Total (Land + Water): 104,094 sq miles; Land Only: 103,718 sq miles

Number of Counties


Time Zone

Mountain Time Zone

Bordering States

Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming

Highest Point

Mount Elber, 14,440 feet

National Parks

Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
Mesa Verde National Park
Rocky Mountain National Park

State Population (2015)


State Population Density

52.6 people / square mile

Area Codes


Top 5 Cities (2010 population)

Denver (600,158)
Colorado Springs (416,427)
Aurora (325,078)
Fort Collins (143,986)
Lakewood (142,980)

Government & Legislature


August 1, 1876

Electoral Votes


State Flag


Official Colorado Governor Website

U. S. Senators

List of U. S. Senators From Colorado

U. S. Representatives

List of U. S. Representatives From Colorado

State Senators

List of Colorado State Senators

State Representatives

List of Colorado State Representatives

State Government

Official Site

State Constitution

Colorado State Constitution

Road Conditions

Colorado Road Conditions

State Quarter Issue Date

June 14, 2006

State Symbols

State Amphibian

Western tiger salamander

State Animal

Rocky mountain bighorn sheep

State Bird

Lark bunting

State Cactus

Claret cup cactus

State Fish

Greenback cutthroat trout

State Flower

Rocky Mountain columbine

State Folk Dance

Square dance

State Fossil


State Gemstone


State Grass

Blue grama grass

State Insect

Colorado hairstreak butterfly

State Mineral


State Motto

Nil sine numine (Nothing without the Deity)

State Nickname

Centennial State

State Pet

Dogs and cats that are adopted from Colorado animal shelters and rescues

State Reptile

Western painted turtle

State Rock

Yule marble

State Sport

Pack burro racing

State Tree

Colorado blue spruce

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams

MLB: Colorado Rockies
NFL: Denver Broncos
NBA: Denver Nuggets
NHL: Colorado Avalanche

NCAA Division I Schools

University of Colorado Boulder (Pac-12)
Colorado State University (Mountain West)
University of Denver (The Summit League)
University of Northern Colorado (Big Sky)
United States Air Force Academy (Air Force) (Mountain West)

Popular Tourist Attractions

Famous People Born In Colorado

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Edward Tatum (Physiology or Medicine, 1958)

  • Willard F. Libby (Chemistry, 1960)

  • John L. Hall (Physics, 2005)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Dutch Clark (Quarterback. Inducted in 1963)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Rich Gossage (Pitcher. Inducted in 2008)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Tim Allen

  • AnnaSophia Robb

  • Kristen Schaal

Colorado Fun Facts

  • The word 'Colorado' means 'colored' or 'colored red' in Spanish. The Colorado state was named after the Colorado River, which Spanish explorers named 'Río Colorado' (meaning 'colored river') for the red silt the river carried from the mountains.

  • Colorado is one of the states that form the Four Corners, the only location in the United States where four states intersect at one point. The other three states are Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah.

  • Colfax Avenue in Denver is the longest continuous street in America

  • The world's first rodeo was held on July 4th, 1869 in Deer Trail.

  • Colorado has the highest paved road in North America. The road to Mt. Evans climbs to 14,258 ft. above sea level.

  • Denver is nicknamed "The Mile High City" because its official elevation is exactly one mile (5,280 feet) above sea level.

  • The 13th step of the state capital building in Denver is exactly 1 mile high above sea level

  • Dove Creek is the pinto bean capital of the world.

  • The Pike's Peak Cog Railway in Manitou Springs is the highest railway in the United States, with a peak elevation of 14,111 feet above sea level.

  • Colorado is the only state with an official State Cactus: Claret cup cactus.

  • Royal Gorge Bridge in Caňon City, Colorado, is the highest bridge in the United States at 955 feet.

  • In 2012, Colorado (along with Washington) became the first to legalize marijuana (weed) for recreational use.

  • In Colorado, it is unlawful to mutilate a rock in a state park.